The St. Cyril and Methodius’ Post-Graduate and Doctoral programme
Moscow – Saint-Petersburg, email@example.com
Issue: ΣΧΟΛΗ 7.2 (2013) 272–289
Keywords: human body, incorruption, resurrection, Alexandrian theological tradition.
Abstract: In the article the teaching of apologist Athenagoras on the concept of matter is investigated in some detail. Created matter is contrasted with the imperishable nature of God. I highlight the theological and philosophical innovation of Athenagoras, namely his extending of the perishability to every part of the cosmos, while accepting the idea of resurrection of human bodies to the state of immortality. It is shown how Athenagoras laid down the foundation for the Christian doctrine of hierarchical position and the theological significance of matter in the universe. Thorough analysis of the Legatio and De resurrectione with respect to the doctrine of matter provides new evidence in favor of unity of the two tractates in their theological content and glossary.
The St. Cyril and Methodius’ Post-Graduate and Doctoral programme
Moscow – Saint-Petersburg, firstname.lastname@example.org
Issue: ΣΧΟΛΗ 7.2 (2013) 290–311
Keywords: personality, essence, Trinity, Christ, Latin theology, terminology.
Abstract. The article deals with the history of the term persona. Employed by Tertullian the term anticipates Cappadocian trinitarian concept of «hypostasis». Augustine points to such aspects of human person as consciousness and free will. Despite the polysemy of the term persona, modern Western scholars along with the problem of Divine personality are interested in development of the concept of human person as the image of the Trinity and of Christ.
Tomsk State Pedagogical University, Russia, email@example.com
Issue: ΣΧΟΛΗ 7.2 (2013) 312–317
Keywords: Antique axiology, value, early terminology of values, Socratic dialogues.
Abstract: The Socratic dialogue Hipparchus is the one of the earliest texts in which the philosophical concept of value is separated from the economic concept of price. This dialogue is devoted to the theme of the profit, but actually this economic issue is discussed in the context of ethics. The Greek word axia is used here to denote the economic value and functional applicability of things. Axiological meaning of this term in the dialogue arises in the process of talking about relative price of gold and silver. Socrates and his friend sequentially determine the value through the concepts of profit, benefit, utility and good. The presence of indifferent things (adiaphoron), which are discussed by Plato in the Lysis, Gorgias, Euthydemos and other dialogues, is not designated in this dialogue, but it is assumed in the context.
Thomas M. Robinson
University of Toronto, Canada, firstname.lastname@example.org
Issue: ΣΧΟΛΗ 7.2 (2013) 318–326
Keywords: Einstein, Galileo, Heraclitus, Hippolytus, Logos, Plato, Radio waves, Timaeus, Universe.
Abstract: The paper has as its goal the investigation of the meaning of logos in DK frs. 1, 2, 31b, 39, 45, 50, 87, 108, and 115, with particular emphasis on frs. 1, 2 and 50. It is argued that the focal meaning of the term is ‘account’ or ‘statement’, and that the statement in question, of particular importance in frs 1, 2 and 50, it the account/statement forever being uttered by ‘that which is wise’, (to sophon), Heraclitus’ divine principle. Plato picks up the idea, with his notion of a World Soul which is similarly forever in a state of utterance (‘legei’, Tim. 37ab) which is a piece of self-description, and it is suggested that a modern version of the notion of the universe being in an everlasting state of such self-description is our ability to learn what it has to say by investigating the ‘language’ of radio waves and the like, which are forever being emitted by all moving systems composing the real, and thereby forever offering us a piece of the real’s self-description of itself.
Brown University, Providence, USA, David_Konstan@brown.edu
Issue: ΣΧΟΛΗ 7.2 (2013) 327–339
Keywords: beauty, art, mimesis, erôs, aesthetics, contemplation.
Abstract: There is a deep problem with beauty. Beauty is commonly equated with sexual attractiveness. Yet there is also the beauty of art, which arouses an aesthetic response of disinterested contemplation. As Roger Scruton writes in his recent book, Beauty (2009): “In the realm of art beauty is an object of contemplation, not desire.” Are there, then, two kinds of beauty? By looking back at the classical Greek conception of beauty, we may see how it gave rise to the modern dilemma, and some possible ways of resolving it.
Odessa National University, Ukraine, email@example.com
Issue: ΣΧΟΛΗ 7.2 (2013) 340–355
Keywords: themis, nomos, ius, lex, law, primitive society, right, left, etymology.
Abstract: The article suggests a comparative analysis of the existing etymologies of legal terms: the Greek thémis, dike, nómos, and the Latin lex and ius. Based on their correlation with the equivalent etymologies in other European languages, namely Romance, Germanic, and Slavic, as well as their connection to terms of spatial orientation (right / left), the author proposes a hypothesis that in archaic community the law was understood as the world order proclaimed within the human society by the one who draws a straight way and leads along it (the chief / leader).
Yu. Tambovtsev, L. Tambovtseva, A. Tambovtseva
Novosibirsk State Paedagogical University, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org
Issue: ΣΧΟΛΗ 7.2 (2013) 356–373
Keywords: Ethnic groups, Greeks, Russians, Finno-Ugric peoples, dactyloscopic characteristics, fingerprints, «chi-square» criterion.
Abstract: The article deals with the typological distances between different ethnic groups of the Greeks in comparison to Russians and other people. For comparison we also measured the ethno-typological distances between some peoples of Finno-Ugric origin: Vyru (South Estonian), North Estonian (Haapsalu), Mansi and some other ethnic groups. The distances are based on the fingerprints, that is, dactyloscopic characteristics which usually reflect the human genome well enough. The smaller the distances, the more similar are the groups. The great values of ethno-typological distances between Greeks and Russians, or Greeks and Swedes or Greeks and Mansi Sosva, Mansi Vagil and Ivdel Mansi may speak for their different origin. On the contrary, small values of the dactyloscopic distances may speak for their close ethic contacts. So, the Greek anthropological characteristics indicate that Greeks are very close to the Irani, namely an Iranian ethnic group which lives near the Caspian Sea – TMB = 1.65. It may be because of the fact that the Persians drove some Greek group to Iran in the old times. The Greeks began speaking the Iranian language but their dactyloscopic distances remained the same. The ethno-typological differences caused the dialect differences. The tendency was discovered for the two ethnic groups of Estonians: Vyro (Southern) and Haapsala (Northern). Two ethnic groups of Nenets: Northern and Southern also have different dialects. Therefore, ethnic substratum causes the dialect differences.
Odessa National University, Ukraine, email@example.com
Issue: ΣΧΟΛΗ 7.2 (2013) 374–384
Keywords: Presocratics, Preplatonic philosophy, Early Greek philosophy, criticism, analysis, apologia, historiography of the ancient philosophy.
Abstract: Building upon a previous contribution by the same author [ΣΧΟΛΗ 6.2 (2012) 434–449] the article deals with the scholarly discussions about the terms designed to embrace the early Greek philosophers. It concern with two recent publications by a French classicist André Laks. Remaining within the tradition of the use of the term «Presocratics» A. Laks limits its scope and recognizes as the ‘Presocratic’ only those ancient Greek philosophers of the 6th–5th centuries BC who studied Nature.